Development and Implementation of a Health, Safety and Environmental Management System
Michael T. TREASURE*
This paper provides an outline of the elements contained within a typical Health, Safety and Environmental Management System, and how such a system was implemented in Japan Drilling Company. The HSE-MS developed was based upon the E&P Forum's guidelines. These guidelines cover the areas of: 1) Leadership and Commitment, 2) Policy and Strategic Objectives, 3) Organization, Resources and Documentation, 4) Evaluation and Risk Management, 5) Planning, 6) Implementation and Monitoring, and 7) Auditing and Review.
Implementation experiences shared cover the period from early 1997 to mid 2000. The system was implemented as a result of a need to meet client requirements and with an eye to preparing for meeting the requirements of the ISM code, which will take effect in July 2002 for semi submersible MODUs.
Key Words: HSE, HS&E, ISM, health, safety, environment, management system, implementation
In recent years, there has been a substantial improvement in the level of safety in offshore exploration and production operations. A significant proportion of this improvement is the result of implementation of effective Health, Safety and Environment management systems.
The development of an effective HSE-MS has been an evolutionary process, with current industry standards reflected in guidelines prepared in 1994 by the E&P Forum (which has since renamed itself the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers). These guidelines have been used by many of the major oil companies, around the world, to develop an HSE-MS particular to each company's needs and operations. A copy of these guidelines can be obtained from the website: http://www.eandpforum.co.uk.
As a result of client requests and contractual obligations in early 1997, Japan Drilling Company created and implemented an HSE-MS Manual and supporting documentation. The past three years has seen efforts to develop the system further and to implement the system throughout the company.
Effective implementation of the HSE-MS has gained additional importance and awareness, as the ISM code will take effect for semi submersible MODUs from July 2002. JDC presently operates two semi submersible MODUs, which will require ISM certification. Many of the requirements for gaining and maintaining ISM certification are met within the HSE-MS Manual and supporting documentation.
This paper provides an overview of the E&P Forum's guidelines for the creation of an effective HSE-MS, along with comments regarding how the various elements were successfully implemented in Japan Drilling Company.
2. THE E&P FORUM'S HSE-MS GUIDELINES
2.1 Leadership and Commitment
This is an area that can be difficult to clearly demonstrate, yet is obvious when not present. If Senior Management does not show strong Leadership and Commitment, the HSE-MS is doomed to failure. This is to a large degree self-evident and can be said about any new program or shift in focus, whether it is HSE related or not. Senior management of the company should provide strong, visible leadership and commitment, and ensure that this commitment is translated into the necessary resources, to develop, operate and maintain the HSE MS and to attain the policy and strategic objectives. Management should ensure that full account is taken of HSE policy requirements and should provide support for local actions taken to protect health, safety and the environment.
Within JDC, the following actions were taken, demonstrating the Leadership and Commitment on the part of Senior Management:
・Providing appropriate resources (time and money for the creation and implementation of an effective HSE-MS).
・providing experienced and competent personnel to develop and maintain the HSE-MS (hiring of specialist personnel, including an HSE Coordinator based in the Tokyo Office and HSE Advisors based on all working rigs).
・Encouragement of employees suggestions for measures to improve HSE performance (a suggestion program has been put in place on the rigs with good results).
・Attendance at and chairing HSE meetings (the Senior Managing Director responsible for Safety acts as Chairman of the yearly HSE Committee meetings).
・Holding HSE review and analysis sessions (The Senior Managing Director responsible for Safety participates in "HSE Conferences" held throughout the year).
* Japan Drilling Company
Nishi Azabu Annex, 3-20-16 Nishi Azabu,
Minato-ku. Tokyo. Japan. 106-0031
FAX: +813-5411-9201. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org