Special Transport Service (STS)
STS means transport services other than regular route operations for the elderly and the handicapped. Such services are often provided by specialized vehicles that can accommodate wheelchairs. STS is offered by municipal authorities with the cooperation of volunteers and NGOs. There is no financial support from the national government. It is a highly useful system for users, who can utilize the service at their convenience. However, it requires substantial funds from municipal governments, many of which restrict the number of times people can use the service. In major cities where public transport is well developed, STS is combined with measures to make more public transport systems barrier-free. This way, people can enjoy mobility with a higher level of freedom.
Safety measures for road transport
With regard to road transportation, the Ministry of Transport is in charge of analyzing automobile safety standards and past accidents, while the Ministry of Construction builds roads and the National Police Agency control the flow of road traffic. The Ministry of Transport has implemented various measures to prevent driver and passenger fatalities, enhancing automobile resistance to side collisions and mandating the use of child seats. Especially, for business-use vehicles, the ministry has taken steps to ensure safe management by businesses and present accident prevention measures. The Institute for Traffic Accident Research and Data Analysis conducts comprehensive analysis and study of traffic accidents. The Ministry of Construction is studying road structures capable of preventing accidents, then making due improvements. The National Police Agency is working to improve traffic flow and the traffic signal system.