International cooperation in transportation
For developing countries to progress, it is essential to build efficient transportation systems and promote tourism. With its rich experience and expertise in the area of transportation, Japan has extended assistance to developing countries that suffer from a lack of funds, technology, and human resources. This cooperation encompasses not only facility aspects, such as infrastructure development, but also the such management aspects as facility and business management. Japans assistance can be classified into technological assistance and financial assistance. Technological assistance includes research, training, on-the-project training, and rehabilitation assistance. Financial assistance can be further broken down into loans and grants. In recent years, Japan has also provided international assistance in environmental issues, such as measures to counter urban traffic pollution and prevent marine contamination.
High-level Meetings on Transport
The High-level Meeting on Transport, Vice ministerial talks, convened by the Japanese Ministry of Transport for the transportation authorities of industrialized countries are forums for regular exchange of opinion to ensure smooth coordination of various tasks involved in international transportation. Japan is represented by the Vice-Minister of Transport for International Affairs. The first round of talks was held in Washington in October 1996 with the U.S. Deputy Secretary of Transportation to discuss the U.S. move to require U.S. tanker specifications for vessels carrying Alaska crude oil, as well as aviation and technological development issues. The second round of talks was held in March 1998. Japan has held six rounds of transportation talks with the European Union to discuss mainly aviation and marine transportation issues. Talks have also been held with Canada, Australia, and Germany.