日本財団 図書館

共通ヘッダを読みとばす


Top > 技術 > 海洋工学.船舶工学.兵器 > 成果物情報

救命艇装置・消防設備の保守点検整備説明会資料

 事業名 船用品等に関する法令研究及び情報提供
 団体名 日本船舶品質管理協会  


参考資料(消防関係)
INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION
E
ASSEMBLY A 23/Res.951
23rd session 25 February 2004
Agenda item 17 Original: ENGLISH
 
Resolution A.951(23)
 
Adopted on 5 December 2003
(Agenda item 17)
 
IMPROVED GUIDELINES FOR MARINE PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
 
THE ASSEMBLY,
 RECALLING Article 15(j) of the Convention on the International Maritime Organization concerning the functions of the Assembly in relation to regulations and guidelines concerning maritime safety,
 
 RECALLING ALSO that, by resolution A.602(15), it adopted the Revised Guidelines for Marine Portable Fire Extinguishers, to supplement the relevant requirements of chapter II-2 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), 1974, as amended, as well as chapter V of the Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels, 1977,
 
 RECOGNIZlNG the need to further improve the said Revised Guidelines following the adoption of amendments to chapter II-2 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention and of the 1993 Torremolinos Protocol to the 1977 Torremolinos Convention referred to above, and in the light of the experience gained from the application of the Revised Guidelines,
 
 HAVING CONSIDERED the recommendation made by the Maritime Safety Committee at its seventy-fifth session,
 
1. ADOPTS the Improved Guidelines for Marine Portable Fire Extinguishers, the text of which is set out in the Annex to the present resolution;
 
2. RECOMMENDS Governments concerned to apply the annexed Improved Guidelines in conjunction with the appropriate requirements of the international instruments referred to above;
 
3. AUTHORIZES the Maritime Safety Committee to keep the Improved Guidelines under review and amend or extend them as necessary;
 
4. REVOKES resolution A.602(15).
 
For reasons of economy, this document is printed in a limited number. Delegates are kindly asked to bring their copies to meetings and not to request additional copies.
 
 
ANNEX
 
IMPROVED GUIDELINES FOR MARINE PORTABLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
 
1 Scope
 
 These Guidelines have been developed to supplement the relevant requirements for marine portable fire extinguishers* of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea 74, as amended, the International Code for Fire Safety Systems (FSS Code) and the 1993 Torremolinos Protocol relating to the Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels, 1977. The Guidelines are offered to Administrations to assist them in determining appropriate design and construction parameters. The status of the Guidelines is advisory. Their content is based on current practices and does not exclude the use of designs and materials other than those indicated below.
 
2 Definitions
 
2.1 An extinguisher is an appliance containing an extinguishing medium, which can be expelled by the action of internal pressure and be directed into a fire. This pressure may be stored pressure or be obtained by release of gas from a cartridge.
 
2.2 A portable extinguisher is one, which is designed to be carried and operated by hand, and which in working order has a total weight of not more than 23 kg.
 
2.3 Extinguishing medium is the substance contained in the extinguisher which is discharged to cause extinction of fire.
 
2.4 Charge of an extinguisher is the mass or volume of the extinguishing medium contained in the extinguisher. The quantity of the charge of water or foam extinguishers is normally expressed in volume (litres) and that of other types of extinguishers in mass (kilograms).
 
3 Classification
 
3.1 Extinguishers are classified according to the type of extinguishing medium they contain. At present the types of extinguishers and the uses for which they are recommended are as follows:
 
Extinguishing medium
Rccommended for use on fires involving
Water
Water with additives
wood, paper, textiles and similar materials
Foam wood, paper textiles and flammable liquids
Dry powder/dry chemical (standard/ classes B, C) flammable liquids, electrical equipment and flammable gases
Dry powder/dry chemical (multiple or general purpose/classes A, B, C) wood, paper, textiles, flammable liquids, electrical equipment and flammable gases
Dry powder/dry chemical (metal) combustible metals
Carbon dioxide flammable liquids and electrical equipment
Wet chemical for class F or K cooking grease, fats or oil fires
Clean agents**
 

* Wherever in the text of these Guidelines the word "portable extinguisher" appears it should be taken as meaning "marine portable fire extinguisher".
** Refer to the recommendations by the International Organization for Standardization, in particular Publication ISO 7165:1999, Fire-fighting Portable fire extinguishers Performance and construction.

 
3.2 A table is provided in the appendix which describes the general characteristics of each type of extinguisher.
 
4 Construction
 
4.1 The construction of an extinguisher should be designed and manufactured for simple and rapid operation, and ease of handling.
 
4.2 Extinguishers should be manufactured to a recognized national or international standard*, which includes a requirement that the body, and all other parts subject to internal pressure, be tested:
 
.1 to a pressure of 5.5 MPa or 2.7 times the normal working pressure, whichever is the higher, for extinguishers with a service pressure not exceeding 2.5 MPa; or
.2 in accordance with the recognized standard for extinguishers with a service pressure exceeding 2.5 MPa.
 
4.3 In the design of components, selection of materials and determination of maximum filling ratios and densities, consideration should be given to the temperature extremes to which extinguishers may be exposed on board ships and operating temperature ranges specified in the recognized standards.
 
4.4 The materials of construction of exposed parts and adjoining dissimilar metals should be carefully selected to function properly in the marine environment.
 
5 Fire classifications
 
5.1 Fire classifications are generally indicated as A, B, C, D and F (or K). There are currently two standards, defining classes of fires according to the nature of the material undergoing combustion, as follows:
 
International Organization for Standardization
(ISO standard 3941)*
National Fire Protection Association
(NFPA 10)
Class A: Fires involving solid materials, usually of an organic nature, in which combustion normally takes place with the formation of glowing embers.
Class A: Fires in ordinary combustible materials such as wood, cloth, paper, rubber and many plastics.
Class B: Fires involving liquids or liqucfiable solids.
Class B: Fires in flammable liquids, oils, greases, tars, oil base paints, lacquers and flammable gases.
Class C: Fires involving gases.
Class C: Fires, which involve energized electrical equipment where the electrical non-conductivity of the extinguishing medium is of importance. (When electrical equipment is de-energized, extinguishers for class A or B fires many be used safely.)
Class D: Fires involving metals.
Class D: Fires in combustible metals such as magnesium, titanium, zirconium, sodium, lithium and potassium.
Class F: Fires involving cooking oils.
Class K: Fires involving cooking grease, fats and oils.
* Comite Europeen de Normalisation (CEN standard EN2) closely follows ISO standard 3941.
 

* Refer to the recommendations by the International Organization for Standardization, in particular Publication ISO 7165:1999, Fire-fighting - Portable fire extinguishers Performance and construction.

 
6 Test specifications
 
6.1 Construction, performance and fire-extinguishing test specifications should be to the satisfaction of the Administration, having due regard to an established international standard*.
 
7 Criteria for assessing compliance with chapter 4 of the FSS Code and regulations V/20 and V/38 of the 1993 Torremolinos Protocol relating to the 1977 Torremolinos Convention
 
7.1 Chapter 4 of the FSS Code requires that extinguishers have a fire-extinguishing capability at least equivalent to that of a 9 L fluid extinguisher having a rating of 2A on class A fire which may be water or foam as required by the Administration. This equivalence may be demonstrated by fire test ratings determined according to an international, national or other recognized standard*.
 
7.2 The size and type of extinguishers should be dependent upon the potential fire hazards in the protected spaces while avoiding a multiplicity of types. Care should also be taken to ensure that the quantity of extinguishing medium released in small spaces does not endanger personnel.
 
8 Marking of extinguishers
 
8.1 Each extinguisher should be clearly marked with the following minimum information:
 
.1 name of the manufacturer;
.2 types of fire and rating for which the extinguisher is suitable;
.3 type and quantity of extinguishing medium;
.4 approval details;
.5 instructions for use and recharge (it is recommended that operating instructions be given in pictorial form, in addition to explanatory text in language understood by the likely user);
.6 year of manufacture;
.7 temperature range over which the extinguisher will operate satisfactorily; and
.8 test pressure.
 
9 Periodical inspections and maintenance
 
9.1 Extinguishers should be subject to periodical inspections in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and serviced at intervals not exceeding one year.
 

* Refer to the recommendations by the International Organization for Standardization, in particular Publication ISO 7165:1999, Fire-fighting Portable fire extinguishers Performance and construction.

 
9.1.1 At least one extinguisher of each type manufactured in the same year and kept on board a ship should be test discharged at five yearly intervals (as part of a fire drill).
 
9.1.2 All extinguishers together with propellant cartridges should be hydraulically tested in accordance with the recognized standard or the manufacturer's instruction at intervals not exceeding ten years.
 
9.1.3 Service and inspection should only be undertaken by, or under the supervision of, a person with demonstrable competence, based on the inspection guide in table 9.1.3.
 
9.2 Records of inspections should be maintained. The records should show the date of inspection, the type of maintenance carried out and whether or not a pressure test was performed.
 
9.3 Extinguishers should be provided with a visual indication of discharge.
 
9.4 Instructions for recharging extinguishers should be supplied by the manufacturer and be available for use on board.
 
Table 9.1.3 - Inspection guide
ANNUAL INSPECTION
Safety clip and indicating devices Check to see if the extinguisher may have been operated.
Pressure indicating device Where fitted, check to see that the pressure is within limits. Check that dust covers on pressure indicating devices and relief valves are in place.
External examination Inspect for corrosion, dents or damage which may affect the safe operation of the extinguisher.
Weight Weigh the extinguisher and check the mass compared to the fully charged extinguisher.
Hose and nozzle Check that hoses and nozzles are clear and undamaged.
Operating instructions Check that they are in place and legible.
INSPECTION AT RECHARGE
Water and foam charges Remove the charge to a clean container if to be reused and check if it is still suitable for further use. Check any charge container.
Powder charges Examine the powder for reuse. Ensure that it is free flowing and that there is no evidence of caking lumps or foreign bodies.
Gas cartridge Examine for damage and corrosion.
INSPECTION AT FIVE AND TEN YEAR INTERVALS
INSPECTION AFTER DISCHARGE TEST
Air passages and operating mechanism Prove clear passage by blowing through vent holes and vent devices in the cap. Check hose, nozzle strainer, discharge tube and breather valve, as applicable. Check the operating and discharge control. Clean and lubricate as required.
Operating mechanism Check that the safety pin is removable and that the lever is undamaged.
Gas cartridge Examine for damage and corrosion. Weigh the cartridge to ascertain that it is within prescribed limits.
O-rings washers and hose diaphragms Check O-rings and replace hose diaphragms if fitted.
Water and foam bodies Inspect the interior. Check for corrosion and lining deterioration. Check separate containers for leakage or damage.
Powder body Examine the body and check internally for corrosion and lining deterioration.
INSPECTION AFTER RECHARGE
Water and foam Replace the charge in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.
Reassemble Reassemble the extinguisher in accordance with the manufacturers instructions.
Maintenance label Fill in entry on maintenance label, including full weight.
Mounting of extinguishers Check the mounting bracket or stand.
Report Complete a report on the state of maintenance of the extinguisher.


前ページ 目次へ 次ページ





サイトに関するご意見・ご質問・お問合せ   サイトマップ   個人情報保護

日本財団会長笹川陽平ブログはこちら



ランキング
注目度とは?
成果物アクセスランキング
617位
(31,521成果物中)

成果物アクセス数
15,662

集計期間:成果物公開〜現在
更新日: 2019年10月19日

関連する他の成果物

1.-船用品及び船舶機器に関する検査関係情報- 「海洋汚染防止設備等」及び「海洋汚染防止緊急手引書」検査心得の一部改正
2.SART性能要件見直しに係る提案文書 / Revision of the performance standards for Search and Rescue Radar Transponder(SART)
3.the effectiveness of CURCULAR POLARIZATION SART
4.-船用品及び船舶機器に関する検査関係情報- 「海上退船システムガイドライン」及び船舶検査心得一部改正(案)
5.-船用品及び船舶機器に関する検査関係情報- 相当確認、相当手引書の承認及び相当原動機証書の交付の運用について
6.-船用品及び船舶機器に関する検査関係情報- 沿岸小型船舶関連 「小型船舶安全規則等の一部改正」及び「船舶検査心得の一部改正」
7.平成16年度 天然ガス改質舶用遮熱エンジンの研究開発報告書
  [ 同じカテゴリの成果物 ]


アンケートにご協力
御願いします

この成果物は
お役に立ちましたか?


とても役に立った
まあまあ
普通
いまいち
全く役に立たなかった


この成果物をどのような
目的でご覧になりましたか?


レポート等の作成の
参考資料として
研究の一助として
関係者として参照した
興味があったので
間違って辿り着いただけ


ご意見・ご感想

ここで入力されたご質問・資料請求には、ご回答できません。






その他・お問い合わせ
ご質問は こちら から