MODEL RESULTS
Tidal computation of the Ariake Sea
The model was integrated for 12 tidal periods (six days in M_{2} constituent). The model results are shown in Figure 3 from the final period. The amplitude and phase of the tidal elevation were calculated by the harmonic decomposition from the elevation results of each constituent case run. Figure 3 is the coamplitude and the cophase tidal chart of the M_{2} constituent. Tidal harmonic constants at nine stations (Sasebo, Nakura, Hukahori, Matugae, Aba, Akune, Kutinotu, Takezaki Sima and Yatsusiro) from the table of the tidal harmonic constant published by the Japan Coast Guard were compared with computed data (Table 1, Fig.4). The RMS (root mean square error) of the amplitude was 9.249 cm, and the RMS of phase is 3.838 degrees. The result of tidal computation shows the similar result with observed data, but the overamplitude in inner bay of the Ariake Sea estimated. It seems that this model cannot estimate the variable tideland topography clearly.
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Figure 3. The amplitude (in unit of cm) and the phase (in unit of degree
referred Greenwich) of the M_{2} tidal chart computed by the model
Table 1. Observed and computed tide data of M2 constituent
Location 
Observed amplitude (cm) 
Observed phase (degree) 
Computed amplitude (cm) 
Computed phase (degree) 
Sasebo 
85.0 
340.043 
84.592 
341.255 
Nakura 
68.6 
347.743 
65.441 
348.904 
Aba 
94.9 
333.143 
93.098 
334.724 
Matugae 
83.5 
328.943 
84.417 
331.579 
Hukahori 
83.8 
329.543 
83.525 
330.939 
Takezaki Sima 
155.1 
358.343 
180.025 
5.864 
Kutinotu 
101.4 
350.143 
107.680 
356.000 
Yatsusiro 
112.4 
351.843 
122.112 
357.085 
Akune 
79.7 
320.243 
80.406 
320.224 

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Figure 4. The comparison chart between observed and computed M2 tidal constituent
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Figure 5. The computed tidal ellipses chart at the surface layer of M2 constituent
Figure 5 shows the surface tidal current of M_{2} constituent. The mouth of the Ariake Sea shows strong current, and the current of the inner Ariake Sea shows the strong currents at 3 hr and 9 hr (lunar time) and clockwise current pattern.
The mean current vectors averaged over one tidal period are shown in Figure
6. There are two strong mean current pattern; one is a northwestward current in inner Ariake Sea by anticyclonic
eddies on the onshore side, and the other is a southward flow near the eastern boundary. The southward
mean flow over the eastern coastline was recently suggested from the results of the drifter track observations
made in July 1992. Figure 7 shows the mean flow pattern inferred from this observation undertook by Ariake
Fishery Institute and Sanyo Techno Marin Inc. From Figure 7 we can see a northwestward flow in the offshore
region and a southward flow along the east coast. These features agree well with that in Figure 6. The
similar result is shown in the study of inner Ariake Bay ( Hukuda et al., 1994).
Figure 6. The depthaveraged residual current vectors
Figure 7. The surface mean current pattern inferred from the results of
drifter track observations made in July 1992. Cited from "A report on tidal analysis in Ariake Kai fishing
grounds" by Sanyo Techno Marine Inc. (1993)
