Tokyo MOU / PSC inspector training
The Agreement to Implement PSC in the Asia Pacific Region (Tokyo MOU) was concluded in December 1993, with implementation beginning in April 1994. This was a cooperative effort to conduct port state control (PSC) of foreign vessels in the Asia Pacific Region, with the objective of eliminating substandard vessels which do not comply with the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS convention) and other standards. Based on the agreement, each country is tightening its PSC. To improve technological levels and standardize PSC, a five-year program started in FY1995 will invite about 220 PSC inspectors for training in Japan.
International Science and Technology Cooperation
The Ministry of Transport is actively promoting bilateral or multilateral information exchanges, expert meetings, and joint research on transport-related science and technologies. Such cooperation is achieved in bilateral frameworks through science and technology accords and exchange agreements between two governments or based on trade and economic negotiations, or multilateral frameworks via international organizations. In FY1997, the Ministry was involved in 125 international science and technology cooperation projects involving 16 countries including the European Union. Among other activities, the Ministry promotes exchanges among researchers, utilizing the Science and Technology Agencys programs for dispatching Japanese researchers overseas and inviting overseas researchers to Japan. It also makes use of science and technology development funds to conduct international joint research and improve the quality of cooperation projects.