Multi-purpose international terminals
Waterfront terminals that handle a wide range of foreign cargo are called multi-purpose international terminals. The term also refers to terminals that handle international seaway containers but are not classified as the gate-way ports or the subsidiary gate-way ports. The main objective of multi-purpose terminals is to reduce transport costs. Areas without ports to accommodate large vessels must receive cargo diverted from other distant ports, thus incurring extra transport costs. When transporting timber, coal, and other high volume and high-weight cargo, shippers are forced to bear high inland transport costs within Japan. The development of multi-purpose international terminals is designed to avert such situations and reduce transport costs. However, the implementation of any given plan depends on the assessment of development costs versus the expected cuts in logistics costs.
Domestic freight terminals compatible with inter-modal transport
"Domestic freight terminals compatible with inter-modal transport" refers to terminals that cater to vessels handling domestic unit loads, such as ferries, RORO (Roll on & Roll off) vessels, and domestic container vessels. Inter-modal transport is a transportation format utilizing the advantages of marine, land, railway and air transportation to achieve efficient transportation and reduce the burden on the environment. To achieve these objectives, swift loading / unloading at inter-modal junctions is essential. Therefore, the ideal cargo format is the unit load, in which containers, palettes, and chassises are used to transport a wide variety of items in a single load. The development of forklifts and other loading / unloading machinery is being promoted to ensure smooth seamless transfers of unit load cargo in and out of marine and land transportation systems.