SIBLING RELATIONSHIPS OF CHILDREN WITH CHRONIC ILLNESS AND MOTHERS' SELF-PERCEPTION
Ueda Reiko & Horiuchi Misato (Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan)
Ohkawa Hiroji, Shimohira Masayoshi and Saisyo Sumitaka (Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan)
The purpose of this study was to investigate sibling relationships of children with chronic illness. Twenty-four mothers and 28 siblings answered questionnaires, while medical information of patients were collected from patients' doctors.
Results and Conclusion: 1) There were no significant relationship between siblings' positive or negative attitude and patients' age, gender as well as degree of performance status of activity. 2) Twenty-one percent of siblings did not consent and/or understand mothers's explanation of the patients' illness though mothers had explained to them. 3) Siblings of patients' mothers with high score of self-perception had more positive attitude than those with low score of self-perception. These results suggested that developmental ages, talking methods for siblings and mothers's self-perception should be considered in counseling for mothers with chronic ill children.
Sibling Relationships of Children with Chronic Illness and Siblings' Perception
Yayoi Masuda Kitamura (National Center of Rehabilitation for the Disabled, Saitama, Japan)
Misato Horiuchi and Reiko Ueda (Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to compare the sibling and parental relationships, behavior and self-perception of siblings with chronically ill children to those of siblings with healthy children. Twenty-four mothers and 28 siblings answered questionnaires, while medical information of patients were collected from patients' doctors. Fifty freshmen with healthy siblings also answered the same questionnaire as a control. The following results were revealed; (1) Sibling relations of chronically ill children were significantly better than those of the control group. (2) The siblings of ill children behaved better than the control group and these siblings thought that their parents did not enjoy taking care of their patients. The patients had fewer chance to play with their siblings' friends. (3) The total score and scores of some domains of self perception of siblings with ill children were higher than those of the control group.