日本財団 図書館

共通ヘッダを読みとばす


Top > 社会科学 > 社会 > 成果物情報

ABSTRACTS

 事業名 国際リハビリテーション医学会第8回世界大会開催
 団体名 日本リハビリテーション医学会 注目度注目度5


S-2-01-02

THE ROLE OF ORIENTAL MEDICINE IN PAIN MANAGEMENT

Sven A. Andersson (Goeteborg University, Goeteborg, Sweden

Thomas Lundeberg (Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

 

During centuries diseases and pain conditions have been treated with empirical methods. The claimed curative or preventive actions were unproven scientifically and the methods were often rejected by the scientific community. Recent research suggests that somatic sensory stimulation which often is part of oriental methods, may influence endogenous control systems. In pain management acupuncture is of particular interest. Pain relief is observed in acute pain, e.g. surgery. In chronic nociceptive pain relief is reported in 40-80% of the treated patients. A rational is suggested for pain relief induced by different modes of somatic sensory stimulation. Manual stimulation or electrical stimulation with low frequency release neuropeptides, including endorphins, in a fashion similar to that during long-lasting muscle exercise. Our hypothesis is that methods in oriental medicine give pain relief due to activation of high threshold afferents, primarily A- delta fibers, from skeletal muscles which activates hypothalamic and brainstem pain inhibiting systems. These systems are physiologically activated during physical exercise resulting m an increased pain tolerance.

 

S-2-01-03

THE ROLE OF ORIENTAL MEDICINE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF PAIN HOW ACUPUNCTURE WORKS

Hirohisa Oda (Meiji College of Oriental Medicine, San Francisco, U.S.A.)

 

Acupuncture needling is considered more effective in the management of musculoskeletal pain than herbal treatment. There are three reasons explaining the effectiveness of acupuncture: increased blood circulation, modulation of perception, and general elevation of the pain threshold. Acupuncture is most effective for ischemic pain because needling causes local vasodilation of the area surrounding the needle insertion site resulting in increased blood flow, and dilution and flushing away of chemical pain substances. The effects of contra-lateral needle stimulation or stimulation in the same segmental area is classified as perception modulation. Needling for more than 15 minutes on a subject can result in stress-induced analgesia and stimulation-produced analgesia which are commonly referred to as Acupuncture anesthesia. Needling with direct current (12 volts, 200 μA) emphasizes the noxious stimulatory effects of basic acupuncture treatment. Transcutaneous electrical acupuncture-like stimulation accompanied with heat radiation is one of the most effective methods for treating general musculoskeletal pain. In summary, acupuncture influences perception and the sympathetic nervous system, which innervates the vascular system. Noxious stimulation produced by needling gives qualitative information of severe injury, but not large quantitative information. This qualitative information of the injury acts as a method of counter irritation.

 

 

 

BACK   CONTENTS   NEXT

 






サイトに関するご意見・ご質問・お問合せ   サイトマップ   個人情報保護

日本財団会長笹川陽平ブログはこちら

日本財団図書館は、日本財団が運営しています。

  • 日本財団 THE NIPPON FOUNDATION



ランキング
注目度とは?
成果物アクセスランキング
583位
(35,139成果物中)

成果物アクセス数
19,545

集計期間:成果物公開〜現在
更新日: 2022年9月24日

関連する他の成果物

1.「国際リハビリテーション医学会第8回世界大会開催」の報告書
2.Second Announcement&Call for Papers
3.PROGRAM
4.国際リハビリテーション医学会第8回世界大会報告書
5.生活医学シリーズNo.115「生活習慣病としての心臓病」
  [ 同じカテゴリの成果物 ]


アンケートにご協力
御願いします

この成果物は
お役に立ちましたか?


とても役に立った
まあまあ
普通
いまいち
全く役に立たなかった


この成果物をどのような
目的でご覧になりましたか?


レポート等の作成の
参考資料として
研究の一助として
関係者として参照した
興味があったので
間違って辿り着いただけ


ご意見・ご感想

ここで入力されたご質問・資料請求には、ご回答できません。






その他・お問い合わせ
ご質問は こちら から