BASIC DATA - LAEM CHABANG PORT (LCP)
Laem Chabang Port is located at 13°15' N 100°53' E on the Eastern Seaboard in the Sriracha and Banglamung districts, at about 130 km from Bangkok. The port layout is shown in the figure attached.
Approach to the port is via a dredged channel 2.5 km long with depth maintained at -14.0 m MSL. The vessel manoeuvring area and port basin are protected by a breakwater, length 1,300 m.
Vessel sizes are limited by the waterdepth in the approach channel and alongside the berths. Refer below.
The total port land area is at present about 1,000 ha.
LCP is under the administration of the Port Authority of Thailand (PAT).
2. BERTH FACILITIES
The present, initial stage of development of Laern Chabang port comprises the following berth facilities:
|2 Agri-bulk terminals
|1 Multi-purpose terminal
|3 Container terninals
(50 m box)
|1 Coastal terminal
|1 Service berth
The above berths have a cargo throughput capacity (million tonnes per year) assessed as:
Agribulk terminal (two berths) : 2.1 m TPA
Multi-purpose terminal : 0.5 m TPA
Container terminal (three berths) : 4.5 m TPA
Coastal terminal : 0.16 m TPA
3. CONTAINER HANDLING EQUIPMENT
In Laem Chabang Port the operation of the container terminals is leased out to private operators. Each of the terminals is equipped with two quay gantry cranes.
Other equipment (1994) comprised:
|Yard Gantry Crane
|Tractor for trailer
4. CONTAINER YARD AREA
At present, the layout of the South Pier allows for about 400 m land area behind the container quays, or about 12 ha land area per container berth.
5. CONTAINER OPERATIONS
At present, the three existing container terminals have a combined throughput capacity estimated in the order of 600,000 - 700,000 TEUs/year.
Port working hours are 08.30 - 16.30 with one hour meal break, and 19.00 - 04.30 with one and a half hour meal break (Ports of the World, 1994).
6. PORT HINTERLAND CONNECTIONS
Laem Chabang is well connected by highways to the Eastern Seaboard Development Area and to the Bangkok region.
The rail connection to the ICD at Lat Prabang is single track.
7. CONTAINER THROUGHPUT
Container throughput at Laem Chabang has grown from 376,000 TEUs in 1994 to 529,000 TEUs in 1995. (Port Statistics)
The implementation of the policy to reduce container handling in Bangkok Port will increase the container volume at Laem Chabang directly by some 300,000 TEUs.
The container throughput at Laem Chabang is expected to grow to about 2.2 million TEUs by 2005 (JICA, July 1994).
8. PORT DEVELOPMENT PLANS
The development of an additional container terminal (T5) has been approved.
Further, the Eastern Seaboard Development Committee is reported to have approved the construction of the second basin at Laem Chabang to cope with the forecast increased container traffic.
Also, the feasibility of providing double-track rail service to the Eastern Seaboard, as proposed by the State Railway of Thailand, is under active consideration by the Eastern Seaboard Development Committee.
9. KEY ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED
-Routing of containers through Laem Chabang is generally more expensive than through Bangkok Port due to the added costs of inland transportation. This issue should be further addressed, also with regard to possible alternative through-transport modes (barges, RoRo).
-The container facilities at Laem Chabang need expansion and consultants have been selected to prepare the next phase development plan. It is hereby noted that the present outline plan does not allow for enough yard area behind the berths.
Map of Laem Chabang Port and Future Development