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国際海事情報シリーズ76 タイ国におけるフェリー網整備に関する調査

 事業名 造船関連海外情報収集及び海外業務協力事業
 団体名 シップ・アンド・オーシャン財団  


付録B
タイ国主要港湾概況
BASIC DATA - BANGKOK PORT (BKP)
1. GENERAL
 Bangkok Port is located at 13°42' N 100°34' E on the left bank of the Chao Phraya River in the Klong Toey District of Bangkok, about 15 miles from the river mouth.
 
 Approach to the port is through the bar channel, about 18 km long, 100 m wide in the reaches (to be widened to 135 m) and 250 m wide at the bend. The channel is maintained to a depth of -8.5 m MSL (-6.2 m LLW). Vessel size at BKP is limited to LOA 172m, draft 8.2 m (about 12.000 DWT). The river channel is about 300 m wide at -8.0 m MSL. Refer figure attached.
 
 The total port land area is about 360 ha.
 
 BKP is under administration of the Port Authority of Thailand (PAT).
 
2. BERTH FACILITIES
The berth facilities at BKP are as follows (refer Figure attached):
 
Berth/Dolphin Total Length (m) Number of Berths Maximum LOA/draft(m) Remark
West Quay 1,660 10
1
172/8.2
120/8.2
 
East Quay 1,528 7
1
172/8.2
90/5.0
Containers
Lighters
Klong Toey Dolphins 1.377 7 172/8.2  
Bang Hua Sua Dolphins 1,535 8 172/8.2  
Mooring Buoys at Sathupradit 1,555 5 135/7.9  
 
 In addition, there are a total of 71 private berth facilities on both sides of the Chao Phraya River, and 13 midstream berths. Three private terminals are allowed to handle containers ; 14 private berths handle imported petroleum products.
 
3. CARGO HANDLING EQUIPMENT
Equipment Capacity Quantity
1.
2.
3.
4.
Rail Mounted Gantry Crane
Transtainer/Rubber Tyred Gantry Crane
Mobile Crane
Top Loader
32.5 tons
30 tons
10-50 tons
40 tons
12
10
23
26
 
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Semi Portal Crane
Container Stacker
Fork Lift for Empty Container
Fork Lift Truck
Tractor for Container
Towing Tractor
Container Chassis
Trailer
Motor Truck
3-5 tons
30-35 tons
6-16 tons
5,000-10,000 lbs.
30 tons
8,000-12.000 lbs.
30 tons
5-30 tons
5-7 tons
12
11
19
266
73
20
96
41
153
 
4. STORAGE AREAS
 
 
Square Metre
Inside the Customs premises
 
 
Transit Shed 1-17
 
99,810
Overtime Cargo Warehouse
 
9,820
Dangerous Goods Warehouse
 
1,400
Bonded Warehouse
 
7,400
Import Motor Cars Unit
 
13,000
Container Yard
 
293,322
 
Total:
424,752
Outside the Customs premises
 
 
In-Transit Warehouse and open storage area
 
16,360
Open Storage Warehouse (Iron)
 
20,000
Open Storage areas
 
21,420
 
Total:
57,780
Total storage area inside and outside the Customs premises
 
482,532
 
5. PORT OPERATIONS
 Port working hours are 24 hours/day (3 shifts).
 
 In 1992 the berth occupancy was 75% for the seven container berths at the East Quay and 78% for the ten general cargo berths at the West Quay.
 
 Container operations (East Quay) are hampered by the limited yard space which precludes the preparation of export stacks and by direct delivery, also from off-dock container yards. The overall quayside production was only 12 boxes/hour/vessel resulting in an average vessel at-berth time of 39 hours for a 660 TEU parcel size.
 
 Operations at the West Quay (general cargo) are hampered by the narrow apron width, the lack of adequate storage facilities and the delays in moving cargo from quayside to storage, or due to direct delivery. Gross productivity of general cargo handling (JICA, 1994) was 51 tonnes/vessel/hour, resulting in an average vessel at-berth time of 3.5 days for a parcel size of 4,230 tonnes.
 
6. PORT HINTERLAND CONNECTIONS
 Bangkok Port cargo is mainly transported by road through the Bangkok Metropolitan Area. To reduce congestion the Traffic Department has restriced port traffic into Bangkok between 06.00 - 09.00 and 16.00 - 19.00 hours.
 
 Government policy encourages barge transport from Bangkok Port to up-river destinations. After a recent feasibility study indicating that container movement by barge would be a viable altemative to road transport, trial operations using 30 TEU barges have been started in 1995. A constraint to the development of container barge transport is the limited air draft (5.5 m at HW) at governing bridges.
 
7. CARGO THROUGHPUT
 In 1994, cargo throughput through Bangkok Port was about 3.5 million tonnes of general cargo/break bulk and 1.3 million TEUS.
 
 Present Government policy is to reduce the number of TEUs handled in BKP to 1,000,000 TEUs immediately, and to 500,000 TEUs as a further future goal.
 
8. PORT DEVELOPMENT PLANS
 JICA (July, 1994) has carried out a detailed study on the Modernization of Bangkok Port.
 
 The main findings and recommendations of the report relate to the improvement of the container operations at East Quay to handle the volume of 1.0 million TEUs as per present government policy.
 
 A new operational organization is recommended in which all operations are wholly controlled by one terminal operater in stead of the present system under which individual shipping lines/agents carry out various operations independently (as permitted by PAT for each operation).
 
 Physical improvements recommended in the JICA report relate to eliminating the present chaotic condition in the handling of LCL containers and improving the container yard operations and efficiency, introducing tight stacking by using RTGs to maximize the efficient utilization of the restricted yard area.
 
 The proposed development would reduce the berth occupancy at the East Quay to about 27%. The total costs are estimated at 3.5 billion Baht for the Master Plan to be implemented by 2005, of which the Short-Term Plan, to be implemented by 1997, would cost 1.2 billion Baht
 
9. KEY ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED
-The bar channel will be widened from the present 100 m width in the stretches to 135 m. However, the JICA report recommended widening to 150 m.
 
Considering the reported many occurrenes of (near) accidents the channel widening to only 135 m should be re-evaluated, taking into account future traffic density.
 
-The announced policy to reduce the volume of containers handled at Bangkok Port has not been successfully implemented. Re-confirmation of the policy, as such, will not guarantee results. The reasons for the continued preference of Bangkok Port for container handling need to be addressed, in order to be able to indicate effective measures.
 
-The container handling operations at Bangkok Port are hampered by the insufficient storage/operating areas and the inefficient operating system. This subject is addressed by the JICA study on the Modernization of Bangkok Port. The JICA recommendation would reduce present congestion and delays: the berth occupancy would be reduced to only 27% if throughput is capped at one million TEUs.
 
The full implementation of the JICA recommendations could be contrary to the policy of discouraging container traffic at Klong Toey. It would also appear that given the policy to ultimately reduce Klong Toey to 500,000 TEU's, JICA's recommended investments may prove excessive.
 
 







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更新日: 2020年3月21日

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