日本財団 図書館

共通ヘッダを読みとばす


Top > 産業 > 運輸.交通 > 成果物情報

The Northern Sea Route The Shortest sea route linking East Asia and Europe

 事業名 基盤整備
 団体名 シップ・アンド・オーシャン財団  


6. Issues to be Resolved for NSR Operation

 

6.1 Related Technology

All technologies required for the opening of the NSR are fully prepared for application. No urgent drawing up of a large-scale or radical program of research and development is required. Improvement in performance and safety of ships, in keeping with the profitability requirements of the global market, will clearly be an issue of paramount importance for the foreseeable future. Subject to changes in national and international maritime regulations, optimum ship design depends greatly on international trends in energy and shipping markets. Despite the maturity of the marine technology applied in NSR shipping, therefore, further research and development of related technologies cannot be neglected.

Surface transportation is predicated on the shipment of large volumes to minimize unit cost. Assuming no upper limit in the demand for a commodity and no problems with safety in navigation, the larger the capacity of the vessel is, the greater its profitability. In the NSR, ship design is limited by the shallowness of the coastal Arctic seas and the size of the escorting icebreakers. Another barrier is the concern that larger ships incur the risk of greater accidents causing pollution of the Arctic. Leaving aside the issue of expected shipping volumes in the NSR, however, it is undeniable that the capacity of currently available vessels in the NSR cannot satisfy the demands for profitability in the international shipping market. When scenarios for seasonal NSR operation are examined, taking into account the operational risks, the need for environmental protection, the size of escorting icebreakers and the problems of handling convoys in escort mode, practical solutions should urgently be found, satisfying the requirements for safety and profitability in NSR operations.

 

(1) Ship structure, etc.

Ships traveling Arctic seas must above all satisfy a certain level of icebreaking capability and demonstrate safe ship design, with tolerable reliability of the hull, rudder and propellers against expected ice loads. Further study is needed to estimate accurately the interactions between ice and propeller in each mode of operation, but the basic engineering issues involving the design of hull and propulsion system are well on the way to a practical solution.

A unique aspect of NSR navigation is the need for vessels to possess the necessary tugging and towing apparatus for icebreaker support. The best approach would seem to be to draw on Russia's wealth of experience in this field, by studying approaches based on the equipment currently in general use in Russian vessels.

To reduce the cost of ships and boost profitability of navigation, practical and applied research will have to be directed toward matters such as heating and insulation of cargo holds, on-deck water processing, deicing and night vision device. For example, urethane is an excellent insulating material, but its use is restricted due to the ban on CFCs. Future shipbuilding should rely greatly on materials and designs that take into account the entire life cycle of the ship, including repair, renovation and scrapping.

As the results of the operation simulation for NSR shipping demonstrated, much work remains to be done to bridge the gap in competitiveness between the NSR and conventional routes. In terms of both technology and the regulatory framework, measures have to be found to reduce the disparity in construction cost and payload between conventional and NSR ships.

 

 

 

BACK   CONTENTS   NEXT

 






サイトに関するご意見・ご質問・お問合せ   サイトマップ   個人情報保護

日本財団会長笹川陽平ブログはこちら



ランキング
注目度とは?
成果物アクセスランキング
1,067位
(30,551成果物中)

成果物アクセス数
8,764

集計期間:成果物公開〜現在
更新日: 2019年3月23日

関連する他の成果物

1.平成12年度 技術開発基金による研究開発報告書
2.欧州におけるショピング・ファイナンス調査
3.欧州船舶管理会社の調査-船舶管理の観点からの舶用機器メーカーの目指すべき方向の検討-
4.インドネシアにおける造船用資機材調達の現状及び将来に関する調査
5.米国造船業の集約化に関する調査
6.東南アジア造船関連レポート19
7.ポーランド造船業の現状と展望
8.欧州における舶用工業企業の合併・買収に係る調査
9.米国における軍事技術の舶用工業への転化の実態・調査報告書
10.米国海運業(貨物輸送)のM&Aに関する調査報告書
11.豪州の海洋レジャー産業の現状
12.ジョーンズ・アクトに関する調査報告書(米国の内航海運等保護制度)
13.米国における海賊対策等に関する調査報告書
14.新世代のRoPaxが欧州市場に及ぼす影響
15.欧州における主機関の動向調査?ディーゼルエンジン・ガスタービン
16.中国造船業の概況
17.アジア市場におけるアセアンフェリー導入支援調査
18.環境にやさしい船舶と舶用機械設計の実際に関する調査報告書
19.米国における舶用エンジンからの排ガス規制に関する実態調査
20.東南アジア造船関連レポート20
21.タイ国におけるモーダルシフトに伴う新規造船需要に関する調査報告書
22.東南アジア・オセアニア地域海事事情調査
23.定期メンテナンスのお知らせパンフレット
  [ 同じカテゴリの成果物 ]


アンケートにご協力
御願いします

この成果物は
お役に立ちましたか?


とても役に立った
まあまあ
普通
いまいち
全く役に立たなかった


この成果物をどのような
目的でご覧になりましたか?


レポート等の作成の
参考資料として
研究の一助として
関係者として参照した
興味があったので
間違って辿り着いただけ


ご意見・ご感想

ここで入力されたご質問・資料請求には、ご回答できません。






その他・お問い合わせ
ご質問は こちら から