日本財団 図書館

共通ヘッダを読みとばす


Top > 産業 > 運輸.交通 > 成果物情報

The Northern Sea Route The Shortest sea route linking East Asia and Europe

 事業名 基盤整備
 団体名 シップ・アンド・オーシャン財団  


Since the time elapsed must be no longer than three to five hours to be useful in using remote-sensing data to determine ship routes (Smirnov, 1999), this result is more or less acceptable. It must be remembered, however, that these results were obtained on a trial basis; normally the acquisition of satellite images is requested several days in advance. This was not a problem during testing, but this requirement will impede availability of data, since data can only be acquired at certain specified times. Moreover, because the sea trial was conducted in the Kara Sea, no problems were expected or encountered in transmitting the satellite image files to the icebreaker via INMARSAT. In the Laptev Sea and adjacent waters, however, such transmission may encounter significant obstacles, which must be solved before these methods come into extensive use.

 

Although the potential for microwave use in remote-sensing technology is exciting, it is clear that much room for improvement remains in applying the technology to reliable monitoring of sea ice for the NSR navigation. The present situations will clearly demand the increase in polar-orbiting satellites equipped with microwave sensors such as SAR, etc. and other effective solutions.

 

4.3 NSR Rules and Procedures

In this section we examine the procedures and preparations that foreign shipowners are expected to follow when navigating the NSR. When a ship passes through the territorial waters of a foreign country, the ship has the right of innocent passage. Generally, under international rules, no prior request or inspection of the ship is required. Under international laws to which Russia is bound, the right of innocent passage still exists for areas considered as part of the territorial sea or high seas. In the NSR, however, Russia curtails this right.

The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) endows coastal states with jurisdiction for the purpose of protecting and preserving the marine environment from pollution in the exclusive economic zone; coastal states have the right to adopt and enforce non-discriminatory laws and regulations for the prevention, reduction and control of marine pollution from vessels in ice-covered areas within the limits of the exclusive zone. Because the NSR is an environmentally sensitive area, citing the need to protect the environment according to UNCLOS, in 1982 the Russian government required all foreign vessels traversing the NSR to obtain advance permission. It also established requirements for ship structures and the experience of the crews in ice navigation; route controls; compulsory escort of ships by icebreakers; and criminal penalties for violating the regulations. In 1990 the USSR's Ministry of Merchant Marine approved the "Regulations for Navigation on the Seaway of the Northern Sea Route." These have been incorporated into the "Guide to Navigating through the Northern Sea Route," an English version of which was published in 1996 by the Ministry of Defense for the NSR Administration. This English-language document provided the basic guidelines applied to all foreign ships plying the NSR, including detailed information on matters such as navigational aids and indications of entry to straits. Also included in this guide was useful information on regulations related to the NSR and technical items for navigating polar seas. The Regulations are non-discriminatory to all ships of any nationality, being designed to ensure safe navigation as well as protection of Arctic marine environment from pollution by ships. Although in setting its own rules the Soviet government followed the example of Canada, which established the Canadian Arctic Shipping Pollution Prevention Regulations (CASPPR) with a view to protecting the Canadian Arctic environment, the above guide does not always follow international law, and in fact its international validity remains doubtful in some passages. In this section, we focus on information from extracts from "Guide to Navigating through the Northern Sea route" that deals with basic matters such as procedures required for the NSR operations, technological requirements, but we will also touch on the problems of the regulations of the Russian government with respect to international law.

 

 

 

BACK   CONTENTS   NEXT

 






サイトに関するご意見・ご質問・お問合せ   サイトマップ   個人情報保護

日本財団会長笹川陽平ブログはこちら



ランキング
注目度とは?
成果物アクセスランキング
1,068位
(31,092成果物中)

成果物アクセス数
8,803

集計期間:成果物公開〜現在
更新日: 2019年5月18日

関連する他の成果物

1.平成12年度 技術開発基金による研究開発報告書
2.欧州におけるショピング・ファイナンス調査
3.欧州船舶管理会社の調査-船舶管理の観点からの舶用機器メーカーの目指すべき方向の検討-
4.インドネシアにおける造船用資機材調達の現状及び将来に関する調査
5.米国造船業の集約化に関する調査
6.東南アジア造船関連レポート19
7.ポーランド造船業の現状と展望
8.欧州における舶用工業企業の合併・買収に係る調査
9.米国における軍事技術の舶用工業への転化の実態・調査報告書
10.米国海運業(貨物輸送)のM&Aに関する調査報告書
11.豪州の海洋レジャー産業の現状
12.ジョーンズ・アクトに関する調査報告書(米国の内航海運等保護制度)
13.米国における海賊対策等に関する調査報告書
14.新世代のRoPaxが欧州市場に及ぼす影響
15.欧州における主機関の動向調査?ディーゼルエンジン・ガスタービン
16.中国造船業の概況
17.アジア市場におけるアセアンフェリー導入支援調査
18.環境にやさしい船舶と舶用機械設計の実際に関する調査報告書
19.米国における舶用エンジンからの排ガス規制に関する実態調査
20.東南アジア造船関連レポート20
21.タイ国におけるモーダルシフトに伴う新規造船需要に関する調査報告書
22.東南アジア・オセアニア地域海事事情調査
23.定期メンテナンスのお知らせパンフレット
  [ 同じカテゴリの成果物 ]


アンケートにご協力
御願いします

この成果物は
お役に立ちましたか?


とても役に立った
まあまあ
普通
いまいち
全く役に立たなかった


この成果物をどのような
目的でご覧になりましたか?


レポート等の作成の
参考資料として
研究の一助として
関係者として参照した
興味があったので
間違って辿り着いただけ


ご意見・ご感想

ここで入力されたご質問・資料請求には、ご回答できません。






その他・お問い合わせ
ご質問は こちら から