Chapter 1 Development of Information Networks in Local Government and Promotion of Regional Information Policies
1. Development of information networks in local government It is over 30 years since the city of Osaka first introduced computers into local government in 1960. If we look at the introduction of computers and the areas in which computers were introduced in local government during this period, we can see that the process of modernizing the administrative system from the 1960s to the present day was also the process of improving office work using computers. So this paper first aims to outline the process of development of information networks in local government since 1960.
(1) Late 1960s
The 1960s was a period when reform of the postwar local government system was almost completed and priority was shifting away from implementation of new systems towards efficient operation of existing systems. It was also a time when efforts were being directed at financial reform of deficit-ridden local authorities and merging of small local municipalities.
Efforts were also made to integrate administrative work, improve counter services, mechanize office tasks and reform the administrative structure under the slogan,"Modernization of Local Administration".
In particular, various types of new equipment were introduced to save labour and speed up office work.
In this period, technological innovations relating to Computers progressed with remarkable speed, and "first generation computers" with vacuum tubes were replaced by "second generation computers" with transistors. As computers became more reliable, CPUs became