Epidemiyology and conditions of disables in Istanbul
H. Yilmaz, N. Kesiktas, B. Eren, R. Kose: Istanbul Physical Medicine & Rehab. Centre, Istanbul Turkey
Purpose: Evaluation of the frequency and scope of disability is useful on pinning needs for health care. For this reason, we design this study.
Methods: At 1995, in the Polio prevention's studies, we gave World Health Organization's impairments, disabilities and handicaps' forms to all population who randomizely selected to the ranging density in the 32 areas of Istanbul. 1363 participants' forms written by doctors.
Results: Prevalence of disabilities is approximately 9.7 % in population. Most of them 33.3 % have a chronic illness, especially cardiovascular diseases and second 22.3 % musculoskeletal diseases follow this. Disable persons' education and social levels are so low for population, (p<0.05). 46.4 % disables needs rehabilitation and so few have rehabilitation aid.
Conclusion: Biggest country of Turkey show, undevelopment of all country.
PHYSIOTHERAPY IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE - EXPERIENCE OF SLOVENIA
Franciska Rogelj (Primary Health Center, Ljubljana, Slovenia)
The situation in the Community Based Rehabilitation in Slovenia, the smallest Central European country will be presented from the physiotherapist point of view.
According to our experience, primary health care system should be responsible for the rehabilitation programme at the local (community) level.
To achieve that goal it has to be determined which professional capacities and what kind of inter-relations should be established.
Also it has to be found out which categories of disabilities and impairments should be considered and how they should be treated within the primary health care system.
Several priorities for development of Community Based Rehabilitation, common to almost all Central European Countries, can be identified and will be presented by the author.