Construction and Application of Functional Position Hand Foot Splint
Dou Zu-lin (Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Science, Guangzhou, China)
Abstract: The clinical application and curative effects were observed by hand and foot held part in a functional position. The cock-up splint and foot orthosis were made by using a low temperature thermoplastic material: Polyform. The result showed that these orthosis inhabited significantly hand flexors spasm and corrected effectively foot plantar flexes with inversion. It is suggestion that many severely affected patients with cerebral vascular accident (CVA) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) can accept this supplementary treatment method during recovery training.
Key words: Splint; Functional Position; Cerebral Vascular Accident; Traumatic Brain Injury
ELECTRIC PORTABLE SPRING BALANCER
Noriyoshi Asai (Kitasato University, Kanagawa, Japan)
Abstract: Portable Spring Balancer (PSB) and mobile Arm Support (MAS) are effective feeding aids for quadriplegic patients with high cervical injuries. The PSB has been developed in Japan and has been used in hospital and homes since 1986. This orthosis has a spring contained in an aluminum tube to eliminate gravity on the arm. It has the functional properties of assisting movement in an upward direction against gravity while allowing the weight of the arm to assist in downward motion.
New type of PSB, Electrical Portable Spring Balancer (EPSB) has been developed and is an available aid to feed for sever quadriplegic patients. A small electrical motor is fixed on the aluminum tube of the EPSB, it connects with a spring to elevate the arm. The patients can easily operate the control switch connected to the motor without hands. They change the power of the motor of the EPSB by their remained function; the movement of head or shoulder.