PATTERNS OF LANGUAGE DISORDERS IN KOREAN APHASIC PATIENTS: FINDINGS FROM KAB, A NEW TEST OF APHASIA IN KOREAN
Hea Suk Park (Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea), Sumiko Sasanuma (International University Health & Welfare, Ohtawara, Japan), II Nam Sunwoo, Ueon Woo Rah, Jung Soon Shin (Yonsei University)
The Korean Aphasia Battery (KAB) is the Korean version of the Test for Differential Diagnosis of Aphasia (TDDA), a standardized comprehensive aphasia test that has been in use in Japan for more than two decades (Sasanuma et al., 1978). KAB has been developed and standardized recently in a Korean-Japanese cooperative project (Park et al., 1992). This study aims to describe and identify characteristic patterns of language deficits exhibited by a large sample of Korean aphasic patients tested by KAB. Methods: A representative sample of 100 Korean aphasic patients and 173 age-matched control subjects were given KAB, and the obtained data were analyzed in line with the objective above. Results and Conclusions: (1) The aphasic group showed significantly lower mean scores in all modalities of language relative to the control group. (2) The majority (89%) of the patients were classified into major types of aphasia with distinctive patterns of language deficits. (3) Some language- and culture-specific features of aphasia in Korean were identified.
THE RATE AND THE OUTCOME OF THE TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH ALALIA, DYSPHASIA AND AUTISM
Brakus Rosana and Golubovic Slavica
Institute for Experimental Phonetics and Speech Pathology, Belgrade
Faculty of Defectology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
During the period from 1987 to 1997, we observed a group of 30 children with notable speech and language pathology of the types of alalia, dysphasia and autism (23 boys and 7 girls) of the age from 2,5 to 9. The children had a normal hearing ability and a varying degree of physical, social, intelectyal and sensorial maturity. In the therapy, high frequencies were used, through which, by means of the KSAFA appartus, stimulation contents were emitted.
The results obtained indicate that the rate and the outcome of the treatment depend on the following: psycho-physiological abilities of the child , type and degree of the speech and language pathology, the child*s age, position which the sound occupies in the child*s mind, type and duration of the stimulation.
The capability to respond to a sound with a normal hearing ability depended upon the degree of the psycho-physiological development in which the child was and upon the type of the disorder, and the shift to the next stage upon the contents as well as of the duration of the exposure to the program of therapeutic stimulation.