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海事の国際的動向に関する調査研究事業報告書 =海洋汚染防止関係=

 事業名 海事の国際的動向に関する調査研究
 団体名 日本海難防止協会 注目度注目度5


INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION
E
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT FOR
SHIPS
Agenda item 6
 
BWM/CONF/2
30 July 2003
Original: ENGLISH
 
CONSIDERATION OF THE DRAFT INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE
CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF SHIPS' BALLAST WATER AND SEDIMENTS
Draft text of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments
Submitted by the Secretariat
 
SUMMARY
Executive summary:
This document forwards the draft text of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, which was approved for circulation to the Conference by the Marine Environment Protection Committee at its forty-ninth session.
Action to be taken:
Paragraph 2
Related documents:
MEPC 49/22, paragraphs 2 to 2.89 and Annex 2
 
1 Annexed to this document is the draft text of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, which was approved for circulation to the International Conference on Ballast Water Management for Ships by the Marine Environment Protection Committee at its forty-ninth session, held from 14 to 18 July 2003, with a view to it being adopted by the Conference.
 
Action requested of the Conference
 
2 The Conference is invited to consider the draft text of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments.
 
ANNEX
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE CONTROL AND
MANAGEMENT OF SHIPS' BALLAST WATER AND SEDIMENTS
 
THE PARTIES TO THE CONVENTION,
 
RECALLING that Article 196(1) of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) provides, that "States shall take all measures necessary to prevent, reduce and control pollution of the marine environment resulting from the use of technologies under their jurisdiction or control, or the intentional or accidental introduction of species, alien or new, to a particular part of the marine environment, which may cause significant and harmful changes thereto,"
 
NOTING the objectives of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and that the transfer and introduction of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens via ships. ballast water threatens the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity as well as decision IV/5 of the 1998 Conference of the Parties (COP 4) to the CBD concerning the conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal ecosystems, as well as decision VI/23 of the 2002 Conference of the Parties (COP 6) to the CBD on alien species that threaten ecosystems, habitats and species, including guiding principles on invasive species,
 
NOTING FURTHER that the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) requested the International Maritime Organization (the Organization) to consider the adoption of appropriate rules on ballast water discharge,
 
MINDFUL of the precautionary approach set out in Principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development and referred to in resolution MEPC.67(37) and adopted by the Organization's Marine Environment Protection Committee on 15 September 1995,
 
ALSO MINDFUL that the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development, in paragraph 34(b) of its Plan of Implementation, calls for action at all levels to accelerate the development of measures to address invasive alien species in ballast water,
 
CONSCIOUS that the uncontrolled discharge of Ballast Water and Sediments from ships has led to the transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens, causing injury or damage to the environment, human health, property or resources,
 
RECOGNIZING the importance placed on this issue by the Organization through the adoption of two Assembly resolutions, A.774(18) in 1993 and A.868(20) in 1997, to address the transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens,
 
RECOGNIZING FURTHER that several States have taken unilateral action with a view to prevent, minimize and ultimately eliminate the risks of introduction of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens through ships entering their ports, and also that this issue, being of worldwide concern, demands action based on globally applicable regulations together with guidelines for their effective implementation and uniform interpretation,
 
DESIRING to continue the development of safer and more effective Ballast Water Management options that will result in continued prevention, minimization and ultimate elimination of the transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens,
 
RESOLVED to prevent, minimize and ultimately eliminate risk to the environment, human health, property and resources arising from the transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens through the control and management of ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, as well as to avoid unwanted side effects from that control and to encourage developments in related knowledge and technology,
 
CONSIDERING that these objectives may best be achieved by the conclusion of an International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments,
 
HAVE AGREED as follows:
 
Article 1 Definitions
 
For the purpose of the Convention, unless expressly provided otherwise:
 
1 "Administration" means the Government of the State under whose authority the ship is operating. With respect to a ship entitled to fly a flag of any State, the Administration is the Government of that State. With respect to floating platforms engaged in exploration and exploitation of the sea-bed and subsoil thereof adjacent to the coast over which the coastal State exercises sovereign rights for the purposes of exploration and exploitation of their natural resources, including Floating Storage Units (FSUs) and Floating Production Storage and Offloading Units (FPSOs), the Administration is the Government of the coastal State concerned.
 
2 "Ballast Water" means water with its suspended matter taken on board a ship to control trim, list, draught, stability or stresses of a ship.
 
3 "Ballast Water Management" means mechanical, physical, chemical, and biological processes, either singularly or in combination, to remove, render harmless, or avoid the uptake or discharge of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens within Ballast Water and Sediments.
 
4 "Certificate" means the International Ballast Water Management Certificate.
 
5 "Committee" means the Marine Environment Protection Committee of the Organization.
 
6 "Convention" means the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments
 
7 "Gross tonnage" means the gross tonnage calculated in accordance with the tonnage measurement regulation contained in Annex I of the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships, 1969 or any successor Convention.
 
8 "Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens" means aquatic organisms or pathogens which, if introduced into the sea including estuaries, or into fresh water courses, may create hazards to the environment, human health, property or resources, impairment of biological diversity or interfere with other legitimate uses of such areas.
 
9 "Organization" means the International Maritime Organization.
 
10 "Secretary-General" means the Secretary-General of the Organization.
 
11 "Sediments" means matter settled out of Ballast Water within a ship.
 
12 "Ship" means a vessel of any type whatsoever operating in the aquatic environment and includes submersibles, floating craft, floating platforms, FSUs and FPSOs.
 
Article 2 General Obligations
 
1 Each Party undertakes to give full and complete effect to the provisions of the Convention and the Annex in order to prevent, minimize and ultimately eliminate the transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens through the control and management of ships' Ballast Water and Sediments.
 
2 The Annex forms an integral part of the Convention. Unless expressly provided otherwise, a reference to the Convention constitutes at the same time a reference to the Annex.
 
[3 Nothing in the Convention shall be interpreted as preventing a Party from taking, individually or jointly, more stringent measures with respect to the prevention, reduction or elimination of the transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens through the control and management of ships. Ballast Water and Sediments, consistent with international law. [A Party requiring more stringent measures shall seek approval from the Organization, on the basis of clear evidence that adequate reception facilities or other means are provided to assist ships holding a Certificate under the Convention to meet the more stringent standards.][A Party requiring more stringent measures shall notify the Organization of such measures and any relevant information to assist ships holding a Certificate under the Convention.]]
 
4 Parties shall endeavour to co-operate for the purpose of effective implementation, compliance and enforcement of the Convention.
 
5 The Parties undertake to encourage the continued development of Ballast Water Management and standards to prevent, minimize and ultimately eliminate the transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens through the control and management of ships' Ballast Water and Sediments.
 
6 Parties taking action pursuant to the Convention shall endeavour not to impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources of other States.
 
7 Parties should ensure that Ballast Water Management practices used to comply with this Convention do not cause greater harm than they prevent.
 
8 Parties shall encourage ships entitled to fly their flag, and to which the Convention applies, to avoid, as far as practicable, the uptake of potentially Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens, as well as Sediments that may contain such organisms, including promoting the adequate implementation of recommendations developed by the Organization.
 
9 Parties shall endeavour to co-operate under the auspices of the Organization to address threats and risks to sensitive, vulnerable or threatened marine ecosystems and biodiversity in areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction related to Ballast Water Management.
 
Article 3 Application
 
1 Except as expressly provided otherwise in the Convention, the Convention shall apply to:
 
(a) ships entitled to fly the flag of a Party; and
 
(b) ships not entitled to fly the flag of a Party but which operate under the authority of a Party.
 
2 The Convention shall not apply to:
 
(a) ships not designed or constructed to carry Ballast Water;
 
(b) ships of a Party which operate exclusively in waters under the jurisdiction of that Party, unless the Party determines that the discharge of Ballast Water from such ships would impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources of adjacent or other States;
 
(c) ships of a Party which operate exclusively in waters under the jurisdiction of another Party, subject to the authorization of the latter Party for such exclusion. No Party shall grant such authorization if doing so would impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources of adjacent or other States. Any Party not granting such authorization shall notify the Administration of the ship concerned that the Convention applies to such ship;
 
(d) ships which operate exclusively in waters under the jurisdiction of one Party and on the high seas, except for ships not granted an authorization pursuant to sub-paragraph (c), unless such Party determines that the discharge of Ballast Water from such ships would impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources of adjacent or other States; and
 
(e) any warship, naval auxiliary or other ship owned or operated by a Party and used, for the time being, only on government non-commercial service. However, each Party shall ensure, by the adoption of appropriate measures not impairing operations or operational capabilities of such ships owned or operated by it, that such ships act in a manner consistent, so far as is reasonable and practicable, with the Convention.
 
3 With respect to ships of non-Parties to the Convention, Parties shall apply the requirements of the Convention as may be necessary to ensure that no more favourable treatment is given to such ships.







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