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海事の国際的動向に関する調査研究事業報告書 =海洋汚染防止関係=

 事業名 海事の国際的動向に関する調査研究
 団体名 日本海難防止協会 注目度注目度5


1 INTRODUCTION
 
1.1 The forty-ninth session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee was held at IMO Headquarters from 14 to 18 July 2003 under the chairmanship of Mr. A. Chrysostomou (Cyprus).
 
1.2 The session was attended by delegations from:
 
ALGERIA
JAPAN
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
KUWAIT
ARGENTINA
LATVIA
AUSTRALIA
LEBANON
BAHAMAS
LIBERIA
BANGLADESH
LITHUANIA
BARBADOS
LUXEMBURG
BELGIUM
MALAYSIA
BELIZE
MALTA
BOLIVIA
MARSHALL ISLANDS
BRAZIL
MEXICO
CANADA
MONACO
CHILE
NAMIBIA
CHINA
NETHERLANDS
COLOMBIA
NEW ZEALAND
CÔTE D'IVOIRE
NIGERIA
CROATIA
NORWAY
CUBA
OMAN
CYPRUS
PANAMA
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S
  REPUBLIC OF KOREA
PARAGUAY
PERU
DENMARK
PHILIPPINES
ECUADOR
POLAND
EGYPT
PORTUGAL
ESTONIA
QATAR
FINLAND
REPUBLIC OF KOREA
FRANCE
ROMANIA
GABON
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
GERMANY
SAINT VINCENT AND THE
GHANA
  GRENADINES
GREECE
SAUDI ARABIA
GUATEMALA
SINGAPORE
HONDURAS
SLOVENIA
ICELAND
SOUTH AFRICA
INDIA
SPAIN
INDONESIA
SUDAN
IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF)
SWEDEN
IRELAND
SWITZERLAND
ITALY
SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC
JAMAICA
THAILAND
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
UNITED KINGDOM
TUNISIA
UNITED STATES
TURKEY
URUGUAY
UKRAINE
VENEZUELA
 
by representatives from the following Associate Members of IMO:
 
HONG KONG, CHINA
FAROE ISLANDS
 
by representatives from the following United Nations and Specialized Agencies:
 
UNITED NATIONS (UN)
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME (UNEP)
INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)
 
by observers from the following intergovernmental organizations:
 
EUROPEAN COMMISSION (EC)
ARAB FEDERATION OF SHIPPING (AFS)
REGIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT (ROPME)
PORT MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION OF EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICA (PMAESA)
SOUTH PACIFIC REGIONAL ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME (SPREP)
 
and by observers from the following non-governmental organizations:
 
INTERNATIONAL CHAMBER OF SHIPPING (ICS)
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR STANDARDIZATION (ISO)
INTERNATIONAL UNION OF MARINE INSURANCE (IUMI)
INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF FREE TRADE UNIONS (ICFTU)
INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION ASSOCIATION (PIANC)
BIMCO
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CLASSIFICATION SOCIETIES (IACS)
EUROPEAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY COUNCIL (CEFIC)
OIL COMPANIES INTERNATIONAL MARINE FORUM (OCIMF)
INTERNATIONAL MARITIME PILOTS. ASSOCIATION (IMPA)
FRIENDS OF THE EARTH INTERNATIONAL (FOEI)
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF THE INSTITUTES OF NAVIGATION (IAIN)
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PRODUCERS OF INSURANCE AND
  REINSURANCE (BIPAR)
INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF MARINE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATIONS (ICOMIA)
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF SHIPMASTERS' ASSOCIATIONS (IFSMA)
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF OIL AND GAS PRODUCERS (OGP)
ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN SHIPBUILDERS AND SHIPREPAIRERS (AWES)
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF INDEPENDENT TANKER OWNERS
  (INTERTANKO)
INTERNATIONAL TANKER OWNERS POLLUTION FEDERATION LIMITED
  (ITOPF)
INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE AND NATURAL
  RESOURCES (IUCN)
SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL GAS TANKER AND TERMINAL OPERATORS
  LTD (SIGTTO)
INTERNATIONAL LIFEBOAT FEDERATION (ILF)
INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANPORT UNION (IRU)
INTERNATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION (IBA)
GREENPEACE INTERNATIONAL
INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF CRUISE LINES (ICCL)
INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF DRY CARGO SHIPOWNERS
  (INTERCARGO)
WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE (WWF)
ASSOCIATION OF EUROPEAN MANUFACTURERS OF INTERNAL
  COMBUSTION ENGINES (EUROMOT)
INTERNATIONAL PETROLEUM INDUSTRY ENVIRONMENTAL
  CONSERVATION ASSOCIATION (IPIECA)
THE INSTITUTE OF MARINE ENGINEERING, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  (IMarEST)
INTERNATIONAL SHIP MANAGERS' ASSOCIATION (ISMA)
INTERNATIONAL PARCEL TANKERS ASSOCIATION (IPTA)
INTERNATIONAL SAILING FEDERATION (ISAF)
WORLD NUCLEAR TRANSPORT INSTITUTE (WNTI)
INTERNATIONAL HARBOUR MASTERS' ASSOCIATION (IHMA)
INTERNATIONAL BULK TERMINALS ASSOCIATION (IBTA)
INTERNATIONAL CHRISTIAN MARITIME ASSOCIATION (ICMA)
ROYAL INSTITUTION OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS (RINA)
INTERNATIONAL MARINE TRANSIT ASSOCIATION/INTERFERRY
  (IMTA-Interferry)
 
1.3 The Chairman of the Technical Co-operation Committee (TCC), Captain M.U. Ahmed (Bangladesh); the Chairman of the Sub-Committee on Bulk Liquids and Gases (BLG), Mr. Z. Alam (Singapore); the Chairman of the Sub-Committee on Fire Protection (FP), Mr. K. Yoshida (Japan); the Chairman of the Sub-Committee on Flag State Implementation (FSI), Mr. K.T. Lim (Republic of Korea) and the Chairman of the Sub-Committee on Ship Design and Equipment (DE), Mr. I.M. Ponomarev (Russian Federation) were also present.
 
The Secretary-General's opening remarks
 
1.4 The Secretary-General briefly reviewed how IMO and the MEPC had dealt with the numerous environmental issues since its inception and stated that, during the past decade, the MEPC had been especially productive and had raised international standards to prevent marine pollution from ships and these efforts had been well recognized within the United Nations system and by the Industry as a whole.
 
1.5 The Secretary-General referred to several large-scale environmental programmes handled successfully by the Organization over the last decade thanks to the support of the Global Environment Facility, the World Bank and the UNDP. Those programmes included the Regional Project in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia, known as PEMSEA; the Global Project for Ballast Water Management, known as GloBallast; and the Marine Electronic Highway Project for the Malacca and Singapore Straits.
 
1.6 The Secretary-General also mentioned the contributions made by Vessel Traffic Systems to the protection of the marine environment, including the system established by the Turkish Government to cover the Strait of Istanbul, the Strait of Canakkale and the Marmara Sea.
 
1.7 Referring to the agenda of MEPC 49, the Secretary-General noted that, under agenda item 16, the Committee would consider a joint submission by Member States of the European Union and the European Commission proposing amendments to the MARPOL Convention, which contained a number of new measures to further protect the marine environment, including acceleration of the phasing-out of single-hull tankers.
 
1.8 The Secretary-General recalled that, following the sinking of the tanker Prestige off the west coast of Spain in November 2002 and soon after the magnitude of its impact on the marine environment was enunciated by the coastal States, he embarked on a number of activities to ensure that IMO could respond promptly to any action that might be needed. Amongst other matters, he visited the then President of the European Union Transport Ministers' Council and the European Commission Transport Commissioner and simultaneously kept an open line of communication with the flag and coastal States involved, as well as with the classification society concerned. His efforts were also directed towards convincing all parties that any regulatory changes which might be considered for introduction should be brought to IMO where they would be examined promptly and action on them would be taken expeditiously within the procedures stipulated in the MARPOL Convention.
 
1.9 The Secretary-General expressed his hope that the Committee would take fully into account the outcome of the Impact Study carried out by the Expert Group he had reactivated and that the Committee's decisions would be realistic, pragmatic and well-balanced, so that they would not cause or lead to any negative repercussions which might:
 
- damage the concept of universality in the regulation of shipping;
 
- discriminate against other regions of the world;
 
- have negative repercussions on the supply of oil;
 
- undermine the authority of IMO;
 
- confuse the industry as to which regulations prevail; and
 
- permit other regions to create their own regimes if in disagreement with IMO.
 
1.10 The Secretary-General then referred to the work to finalize the draft Convention for Ballast Water Management. While noting this was a complex and challenging task, he felt encouraged by the achievements of the Intersessional Working Group, which had significantly reduced the number of options for the proposed measures and hoped that the Committee would be able to prepare a clean single text of the Convention for circulation to Member Governments for consideration by the Diplomatic Conference in early 2004.
 
1.11 With regard to ship recycling, the Secretary-General highlighted IMO's role in reducing the safety and environmental risks in this regard and hoped that this session of the Committee would finalize the draft IMO Guidelines on Ship Recycling for adoption by the Assembly. He noted IMO's limitations in dealing with the problem and the importance of co-operation with ILO and the Secretariat of the Basel Convention.
 
1.12 In respect of prevention of air pollution from ships, the Secretary-General recalled that, under the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, IMO was especially requested to deal with greenhouse gas emissions from ships. He stressed IMO's responsibility to address this global environmental problem and the need for a draft Assembly resolution in this regard.
 
1.13 The Secretary-General noted the other important items on the Committee's agenda, including:
 
- Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas;
 
- approval of Guidelines under the AFS Convention;
 
- Terms of Reference for the agreed OPRC/HNS Technical Group;
 
- approval of the revised text of MARPOL Annex I;
 
- consideration of the proposed new categorization systems under the revised text of MARPOL Annex II; and
 
- consideration of the report of the Joint MSC/MEPC/TCC Working Group on the IMO Model Audit Scheme.
 
1.14 Finally, the Secretary-General wished the Committee a successful session under the new Chairman, Mr. Andreas Chrysostomou.
 
Credentials
 
1.15 The Committee noted the report of the Secretary-General that credentials of the delegations were in due and proper order.
 
Adoption of the agenda
 
1.16 The agenda for the session, as adopted by the Committee, together with the list of documents considered under each item, is shown at annex 1.







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更新日: 2020年8月8日

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