Chapter XII Exceptions for Large Cities
Such cities as are specified by cabinet order with a population of over 500 thousand (hereinafter referred to as "specified cities") may as provided by cabinet order perform the whole or a part specified by cabinet order of the following affairs which would otherwise be performed under laws or cabinet orders duly delegated by laws by To, Do, Fu or Ken;
1. Affairs related to children's welfare;
2. Affairs related to social workers;
3. Affairs related to the physically handicapped;
4. Affairs related to relief of the impoverished;
5. Affairs related to treatment of persons fallen ill or dead on the road;
5-2. Affairs related to the mentally handicapped;
6. Affairs related to welfare of mother and child families and widows;
6-2. Affairs related to welfare of the aged;
7. Affairs related to health of mothers and children;
9. Affairs related to food sanitation;
10. Affairs related to regulation of cemeteries, interment, etc.;
11. Affairs related to business regulation of theaters, hotels and public bath houses;
12. Affairs related to prevention of tuberculosis;
13. Affairs related to city planning;
14. Affairs related to land re-zoning;
15. Affairs related to control of outdoor signs.
As for the matters specified by cabinet order which would otherwise require permission, authorization, approval or other similar action of the governor or a commission of To, Do, Fu, or Ken, or be subject to rectification, suspension, restriction, interdiction or similar directive or order thereof, in connection with the performance of the affairs of specified cities, under laws or cabinet orders duly authorized by laws, it may be provided by cabinet order that such permission, authorization or other action shall be dispensed with or such provisions of law as may authorize such directive or order shall not be applicable thereto, or that they shall require permission, authorization or other action, or be subject to directive or order, of each minister, in lieu of the governor or a commission of To, Do, Fu or Ken.
Each specified city shall by bylaw divide its area into wards, for each of which shall be created a ward office or, if necessary, detached offices thereof, in order to locally divide the affairs within the power of the mayor.